Basics of Vermicomposting for Beginners


 If you are here to know about Vermicomposting, then you are at the exact right website. We are here to share our knowledge and experience with you regarding the composting that is done using worms. That is how we sum up vermicomposting. With the new generation becoming more conscious about nature and natural foods, they are also walking towards traditional methods that are natural and organic in nature. Organic farming is a little tough as we seek perfection and that requires a lot of time. Here, the key to success is definitely Patience. Lets now start with the very basics of vermicomposting, the guide is for the beginners and people who have knowledge can also read and let us know their views.

What is vermicomposting?

Vermicomposting is specifically decaying the cow dung over a period of time; here decaying does not mean that we have to let the dung decay. But we let the worms eat the dung over quality time and the excreta of the worms is used as compost. So, we can say that the excreta of worms after eating the cow dung is vermicompost. The worms take time to eat and release but this is a very reliable process as compared to other composting. There are many types of composts which are also good for organic farming but all other process takes more time than vermicomposting with worms.

Who Should Make Vermicompost?

Well! Anyone can do vermicomposting but there are certain criteria that one should fulfill. You don’t have to be a farmer to start this work or to start organic farming. You can do this work on a very small scale. It is not mandatory to sell and earn revenue out of it. Rather one can use it for himself, use it in your own garden see how much useful it is.

Farmers make vermicompost and many people make it for the purpose of selling it to the farmers. It does not require much background in farming and agriculture and one with even a good knowledge about vermicompost can easily make it.

What are the requirements to start the composting process?

Pre-requisite of vermicompost

For making Vermicompost, you should surely read the write up for a piece of good knowledge. Knowledge is the first requirement. Next is space, if you want to do it on a large scale then you need to have that much land or place to make the compost. Other than a place, you need cow dung as per the requirement, which is also mentioned in this write up only. Then you need sufficient worms that will eat and make your compost. Let’s not put the requirement of packaging here as it comes after production. Most importantly you need to have a good supply of water as well. Water is a very important component as the cow dung must be watered several times depending on the dryness and wetness of the dung.

How To Make Vermicompost?

Needed things for one 30 feet bed of vermicompost:

  1. 30 feet polythene or a plastic sheet
  2. 1500 KGs of Cow dung
  3. 30 KGs of worms
  4. Bamboos 8 pcs
  5. Straws, bundles are recommended
  6. Watering Pipe
  7. Bricks
  8. Shovel

This is the basic requirement other than water supply and basic knowledge of how to compost. Now, we are slowly moving towards the process. Till this part hopefully, everything is clear and simple. Now, comes the part of the production. It is not very difficult but there definitely some kind of management that you should put.

Process of Production

The process differs from one person to another but there are few pointers that never change. For example, if it is vermicompost then the requirement of cow dung, worms, and water is must, other things can be changed based on how deeper your knowledge is and how much equipped you are.

Step 1: Find a suitable land to start the composting

It is very crucial to find the best place to start the work, keep in mind that the drainage system of that selected place must be up to the mark because if its not very proper then you cannot make the compost. The water you put in the cow dung should also get some space to be drained else there is a chance of forming methane gas which is not good for vermicompost.

Step 2: Make the boundary

If you are getting a suitable space then make the fencing, with a few countable bricks. You need to put one brick line, just make a line keeping bricks side by side. You can make a 30 feet or 20 feet by 4 feet box with one brick liner. Do use good quality brick to stop the leakage of worms from the pit.

Step 3: Place the first Layer

Once you make the boundary line as well, its time to put the plastic sheet and make the bed secure for cow dung and worms. If you buy a good quality plastic then you can reuse it but in case of a casual quality it might not be very durable.

Step 4: Put the food

Here the food is the food that the worms will eat, of course, it’s the cow dung. So put the cow dung in the fenced bed making one heap. The cow dung should be equally distributed over the bed. Equal distribution is required to feed the worms throughout the bed and the water also gets adjusted equally. Organic farming combines well with vermicompost and organic manure.

Step 5: Spread worms

Now, it’s time that you put sufficient number of worms that will eat the cow dung and give you manure for plants. So if you spread less than 20 KGs of worms in 20 feet bed or less than 30 KGs of worms in 30 feet bed then it will take more than 2 months. Else, your results will be there in front of your eyes in two months only.

Step 6: Water the cow dung

Worms cannot eat dung cakes or dry cow dung so you need to keep the cow dung in a wet state only. If you properly water it once in 3-4 days then it is good enough wet for the worms to eat and release the compost. So, you’re all set for the compost.

Step 7: After 2 months, your compost is ready

So keep checking the cow dung and see that it has turned into compost after two months, the worms have gone to the base by this time. Many worms are there now as they have multiplied themselves many times in the two monthly processes.

Now you can simply filter the compost and you will learn more while you do this vermiculture and the process is very much enriching as well. If you work on this then you will also have the satisfaction of feeding something organic to your plant. If you put proper and regular organic compost then you will get the fresh growing vegetables and fruits. Flowers grow well too, rather you can see the change yourself only.

What Next?

Awesome, that you are done with the process now and you just need to filter the compost and reuse the worms in the next bed of compost. Use the compost for your own garden and see the results yourself. Try planting fruits, vegetables and flowers using your own compost and feel proud of your own production.

Or else, you can also do this on a large scale and connect with people who need vermicompost for their farming. Many people are demanding it in India and also in other countries, so you can surely see if your contacts are ready to take this from you to make a beautiful garden of their own.


Can I do vermicompost without worms?

You can do composting without Worms, but that is not vermicompost. Vermi means worm, so it is important that we use worms to feed on the cow dung for making it vermicompost. Otherwise, it is a compost covered under various types of composting but not specifically vermicompost. You can also try organic farming with waste compost of degradable organic substances.

Is this process cost worthy?

If we talk about only India, then India is an agricultural-based country. There are many units of vermicompost running successfully across the country and serving many people. But out of 100 new units, 96 unit shuts down after one year because of inefficiency.

Can I sell the product in the market?

Yes, you can definitely sell the product in the market. It is a very genuine product but there is a very small yet a big thing to notice. If you make small quantity production then the cost of production is high which in turn increases the price. Now, for the high prices, you will find it tough to enter the market of compost.

Do I need to course or certificate for doing vermicompost?

You can do the course and get a certificate, but what matters is that how much work you can do using your knowledge given the circumstance and working place. Farmers do not do composting with any certificate but they do it efficiently.

How much worm is required for this vermicomposting process?

Many people have the same confusion, it is very crucial to know how much worm is required to make the compost. So the calculation must be done neatly, you need to have 30 kgs of worms for 1500kgs of cow dung and this is the ratio you need to follow as per the need and requirement.

What is the duration of vermicompost?

The duration of making the organic compost depends on how much worm and cow dung you are using. Make sure you calculate it well, usually for 1500kg cow dung you need 30 kg worms, and the time required to make the vermicompost is two to three months.

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